What exactly is restless legs syndrome (RLS)?
The medical term for this ailment is restless legs syndrome (RLS), and it manifests itself as an involuntary need to move the legs, often in response to an unpleasant feeling in the legs. It is more common to experience it in the evening or during the midnight hours when you are seat or laying down. Moving around briefly alleviates the uncomfortable sensation.
Restless Legs Syndrome, also known as Willis-Ekbom disease, is a sleep disorder characterize by excessive, sometimes uncontrollable impulses to move the legs (and occasionally the arms or torso).
It may also be accompanied by other limb sensations, such as crawling, dragging, creeping, pulsating, stinging, aching, or scorching.
These symptoms are common when lying in bed or sitting for an extended period of time, such as when commuting or viewing a movie. As RLS typically occurs in the nighttime, it may be challenging to fall slumber. The most effective treatment for all types of nerve pain is Pregalin 50 mg.
In an effort to ameliorate the irksome sensations, RLS sufferers typically desire to move around and jiggle their arms or legs.
Who experiences restless limb syndrome?
RLS can affect anyone, but especially newborn children. Symptoms of RLS can manifest in both infants and adults, but the likelihood of developing the condition significantly increases with age. Women are more likely to experience RLS than men. 10% of Americans experience Restless Legs Syndrome.
What is the underlying reason for restless legs syndrome?
Restless Legs Syndrome may have a genetic basis in some cases, allowing children of afflicted parents to develop the disorder. Up to 92% of patients with RLS have a first-degree relative with the condition.
In contrast to RLS sufferers who do not have a family history of the condition, persons who have a familial connection are more likely to have symptoms before the age of 45.
RLS is tightly linked to a variety of other problems, in addition to the genetic basis upon which it is founded.
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An illustration is peripheral neuropathy.
The usage of certain medications may have a role in the development of restless legs syndrome. A few examples of well-known drugs are antidepressants, antihistamines, and antinausea treatments. Alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine are three things that could make symptoms worse.
What signs and symptoms of RLS should you look out for?
Symptoms of restless legs syndrome include:
Unease in the legs or arms:
These disagreeable limb sensations are describe as biting, burrowing, stinging, pulling, pulsating, or creeping by adults. Although they occur most frequently at night, they can also occur when the extremities are not actively moving.
The inclination to extend one’s limbs or legs:
You have a strong want to move your extremities in order to relieve discomfort, particularly while you are resting, such as when you are sitting or laying down. This desire is especially intense when you are resting.
In most cases, being unable to sleep is cause by the need to move one’s limbs in order to relieve pain. There may be times when you struggle to go off to sleep.
Problematic bedtime conduct:
It is possible that you may feel better if you get out of bed and stretch your limbs after feeling some pain.
Sleep throughout the day:
Difficulties falling asleep or staying asleep are one of the potential reasons of daytime weariness.
Behavior and productivity problems:
Again, sleep disruptions have the potential to affect both everyday behavior (such as impatience, irritation, trouble focusing, and hyperactivity) and performance at work.
How is RLS (restless legs syndrome) diagnosed?
Regrettably, there is currently no diagnostic test that can be use to specifically identify restless legs syndrome. During the diagnosis phase, your symptoms will be taken into consideration. Blood tests, a complete physical and neurological exam, and a review of the patient’s medical history are some of the diagnostic procedures that could be used to rule out other probable health disorders that are linked to restless legs syndrome.
For the purpose of diagnosing other sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea, a sleep study that is conduct over the course of a single night may be indicated.
Five requirements must be completed in order to establish a diagnosis of RLS:
When unpleasant sensations such as dragging, tugging, crawling, tingling, stinging, or scorching make you want to move your legs (or limbs), this is termed paresthesia.
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Initiate during periods of inactivity or repose, or deteriorate over time.
By extending, strolling, or incorporating other exercises, the problematic muscles can be worked out.
Or, they only occur at night or in the evening, or they are worse.
Is it not merely a symptom of something else, such as a physical illness or behavioral problem?
How can restless legs syndrome (RLS) be treated?
The severity of your symptoms will determine your therapy for restless legs syndrome. Consider seeking assistance if excessive daytime lethargy and insomnia are negatively impacting your quality of life. Chronic medical conditions that induce Restless Legs Syndrome must also be treat differently.
If your Restless Legs Syndrome symptoms are frequent or severe, your doctor will likely recommend prescription medication to treat them. Alternative drugs include the following:
Anticonvulsant medication may inhibit or diminish leg nerve pain signals. A few examples include gabapentin (Neurontin®), pregabalin 100mg ER (Lyrica®), and gabapentin enacarbil (Horizant®).
Patients who suffer from severe RLS as a result of neuropathy might benefit greatly from these drugs. Gabapentin Enacarbil is the only medicine in this class that has been authorize by the FDA for the treatment of RLS. However, there is a possibility that other tactics will also be successful.
It is possible to treat the symptoms of RLS with opioids such as methadone or oxycodone; however, these medications are seldom administer unless the illness is severe and other therapies have been ineffective.